The National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Responsibility

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is responsible for developing standards and guidelines, including the Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS).

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The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

NIST’s responsibility is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.

NIST’s programs are designed to advance measurement science; develop and maintain standards; conduct research in areas that support U.S. industrial competitiveness, including manufacturing, communications technology, information technology, nano-technology and biological methods for producing energy; and transfer technical knowledge and measurements.

NIST’s Responsibility

NIST’s responsibility is to develop voluntary standards and guidelines, including minimum performance requirements, for emergency communications systems and equipment used by first responders in the United States.

The Significance of NIST

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a physical sciences laboratory and a non-regulatory agency of the United States Commerce Department with a mission to promote innovation and industrial competitiveness. NIST’s research focuses on measurement science, standards, and technology transfer. As a national metrology institute, NIST develops and maintains over 1200 standards that provide the foundation for U.S. measurements, many of which are used internationally.

NIST’s Role in Setting Standards

NIST’s responsibility is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.

As part of this responsibility, NIST develops voluntary technical standards for a wide variety of products and services. These standards help ensure that the materials, products, and technologies we use in our daily lives are reliable and work safely. In many cases, NIST standards are required by federal laws and regulations.

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NIST also works with industry to promote the use of these standards through training, education, and outreach activities. In addition, NIST provides a variety of services to support businesses that use or are considering using these standards.

NIST’s Contributions to Science and Technology

NIST’s contributions to science and technology include developing the atomic clock, which is the world’s most accurate timekeeper; discovering how to cool atoms to a near standstill, opening up a new window on quantum behavior; creating the world’sfirst Bose-Einstein condensate; helping usher in the era of GPS navigation with high-precision timing; and helping prevent terrorist attacks with advances in explosives detection.

NIST’s Impact on the Economy

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce. The mission of NIST is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.

In support of this mission, NIST’s responsibilities include:
-Developing and maintaining an objective and interdisciplinary program of basic research and applied work in measurement science, standards, and technology;
-Transferring new knowledge and technology generated by its programs to U.S. industry, academia, and other government agencies;
-Working with international partners to support the development of global measurement standards;
-Promoting adherence to measurements standards;
-Providing information on measurements and standards to industry, academia, government, and the public; and
-Encouraging equitable participation in voluntary consensus standardization bodies.

NIST’s Support for Industry

NIST’s primary mission is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.

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In carrying out this mission, NIST works closely with industry to ensure that the Nation’s measurement infrastructure meets the needs of business and industry for product quality, manufacturing efficiency, fair trade, environmental protection, and improved consumer products. NIST also works with industry to transfer new measurement technologies and approaches developed by NIST research programs into industrial applications.

NIST’s International Activities

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is responsible for promoting U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life. NIST’s international activities build on America’s long history of leadership in science and technology and contribute to the institute’s mission by
-Helping to ensure that U.S. industry remains competitive in the global marketplace,
-Advocating U.S. science and engineering priorities in international forums,
-Fostering measurement interoperability to facilitate international trade,
-Building capacity for science and innovation in other countries, and
-Supporting the peaceful resolution of international disputes through the application of science and technology.

NIST’s Education and Outreach Programs

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is responsible for many things, but one of its most important roles is educating the public about science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). NIST’s education and outreach programs are designed to engage people of all ages in STEM learning opportunities. NIST’s programs are also designed to support educators who are teaching STEM in their classrooms.

The Future of NIST

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a non-regulatory agency of the United States Department of Commerce. In partnership with industry, academia, and other government agencies, NIST’s mission is to promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards, and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve our quality of life.

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NIST’s responsibilities have expanded significantly since its establishment in 1901, as the needs of industry and government have changed. Today, NIST’s programs touch nearly every aspect of our lives—from the cars we drive and the houses we live in to the medical implants we receive and the computers and cell phones we use every day. As our world becomes increasingly complex and interconnected, NIST’s role in promoting U.S. innovation and competitiveness becomes more important than ever.

Looking to the future, NIST will continue to build on its legacy of excellence in measurement science, standards development,and technology transfer by focusing on key priorities that will accelerate U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness. These priorities include:

-Developing next-generation measurements for emerging technologies such as quantum computing and artificial intelligence;
-Advancing standards for secure, trustworthy electronic communications and transactions;
-Expanding collaborative efforts to support progress toward a smart grid that is more efficient, resilient, and secure;
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